Grass Types

There are a multitude of grass brands, there are basically 2 grass types: Cool Season Type Grasses and Warm Season Type Grasses with each type better suited to particular climates in North America.

Cool Season Growth Pattern
Best Cool Season Grasses

On average, these climates have cold winters and warm/hot summers. Usually they also have regular intervals of rain throughout the summer months, but grasses will tolerate some extended periods of draught by going dormant. Typical cool season grass types include:

* Bentgrass
* Bluegrass (KY)
* Fescue (red)
* Ryegrass

Typical Transition Zone Grasses

There is a “transition zone” between northern and southern turf grass regions, which follows the lower elevations of Virginia and North Carolina west through West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee and Arkansas and includes parts of southern Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri and Kansas. In this transition zone, neither Warm Season nor Cool Season type grasses are uniformly successful. However, several of the Cool Season type grasses such as Kentucky bluegrass and perennial ryegrass and tall fescue, do well across Kentucky, Virginia, West Virginia and Missouri. Tall fescue is the best choice in Tennessee, North Carolina, northern Georgia, northern Alabama and the Texas panhandle. In the lower elevations of these latter states Warm Season grasses do well too. Typical grass types suitable for the Transition Zone include:

* Fescue (tall)
* Bluegrass (KY)
* Zoysia

Growth Pattern Warm Season Grass
Warm Season Type Grasses

In some ways, growing and maintaining a good-looking lawn in the South is more involved than for northern homeowners. Choosing a grass type is trickier; many turf grass varieties do much better when started as plugs or sod than from seed, as is usually done with Cool Season turf-type grasses. Good soil is critically important for growing a low maintenance lawn in this region. Most all Warm Season grass types will turn brown when cooler temperatures arrive. Some southern gardeners seed their existing lawns with ryegrass each fall to maintain green color during the winter months. This is called “winter overseeding.”

Maintaining ideal growing conditions for your particular grass type is critical, otherwise unwanted grass varieties will start popping up and will be extremely difficult to remove. For example, St. Augustine grass being invaded by Bermuda and vice versa.

Typical Warm Season grass types include:

* Bermuda
* Bahia
* Centipede
* St. Augustine
* Zoysia

Contact Information

leaf-iconKevin Bacon
317 Dogwood Lane
Belmont, NC

Mobile: 704-860-7111

Contact Information

leaf-iconDaniel Shuford
10601 Fairway Ridge Rd
Charlotte, NC

Mobile: 704-777-7765